EN1 Materials used by weight or volume
Fortum's materials and energy use mainly consists of fuels. Fortum produces electricity and heat from a diverse range of energy sources: in Europe mostly from renewable and low-carbon energy sources and in Russia from fossil fuels. In its operations, Fortum aims to use natural resources efficiently and sparingly.
Energy content of the fuels is described in EN3.
Natural gas and 58% (2012: 57%) of solid and liquid fuels were of non-renewable origin.
|Fuel consumption in 2011-2013|
|Natural gas, million m3||7,844||7,844||7,909|
|Coal, 1,000 t||3,092||2,536||3,587|
|Biomass and biofuels, 1,000 t||2,096||1,790||1,439|
|Waste-derived fuel, 1,000 t||987||806||754|
|Peat, 1,000 t||227||269||254|
|Fuel oil, 1,000 t||36||49||100|
|Nuclear fuel, t||20||21||23|
|Other fuels, 1,000 t||5||4||54|
|Fuel consumption by country in 2013|
|Natural gas, million m3||7,324||160||17||5||338||7,844|
|Coal, 1,000 t||1,152||1,290||249||402||3,092|
|Biomass and biofuels, 1,000 t||706||668||146||576||2,096|
|Waste-derived fuel, 1,000 t||75||765||146||987|
|Peat, 1,000 t||142||85||227|
|Fuel oil, 1,000 t||1||16||18||1||36|
|Nuclear fuel, t||20||20|
|Other fuels, 1,000 t||2||3||5|
Other materials use
In addition to fuels, other materials used on a large-scale in energy production include chemicals for flue-gas cleaning, e.g., limestone, ammonia and urea.
|Use of chemicals in 2011-2013|
|Chemicals used for air pollution control||68,000||58,000||69,000|
|Chemicals for water treatment||13,000||13,000||14,000|
|Other chemicals and additives||4,500||8,600||3,200|
EN2 Recycled materials used
Fortum used 987,000 tonnes (2012: 806,000) of waste-derived fuels in Sweden, Finland and Lithuania. About 16,400 tonnes (2012: 37,300) of the waste-derived fuels used in Sweden originated from other countries, including Norway, Great Britain and Ireland (combustible municipal waste, EWC 191210). Fortum and the waste supplier companies hold the licences for waste import. Fortum is responsible for reporting its annual imports of waste to the authorities.
Recycled input materials accounted for 15% (2012: 14%) of Fortum's fuel use volume (excluding natural gas) and 2.2% (2012: 1.8%) of the total energy content of fuels.