Annual Report 2013 | Suomeksi |

Materials

EN1 Materials used by weight or volume

Fuel use

Fortum's materials and energy use mainly consists of fuels. Fortum produces electricity and heat from a diverse range of energy sources: in Europe mostly from renewable and low-carbon energy sources and in Russia from fossil fuels. In its operations, Fortum aims to use natural resources efficiently and sparingly.

Energy content of the fuels is described in EN3.

Natural gas and 58% (2012: 57%) of solid and liquid fuels were of non-renewable origin.

Fuel consumption in 2011-2013
2013 2012 2011
Natural gas, million m3 7,844 7,844 7,909
Coal, 1,000 t 3,092 2,536 3,587
Biomass and biofuels, 1,000 t 2,096 1,790 1,439
Waste-derived fuel, 1,000 t 987 806 754
Peat, 1,000 t 227 269 254
Fuel oil, 1,000 t 36 49 100
Nuclear fuel, t 20 21 23
Other fuels, 1,000 t 5 4 54
Fuel consumption by country in 2013
Russia Finland Sweden Poland Other countries Total
Natural gas, million m3 7,324 160 17 5 338 7,844
Coal, 1,000 t 1,152 1,290 249 402 3,092
Biomass and biofuels, 1,000 t 706 668 146 576 2,096
Waste-derived fuel, 1,000 t 75 765 146 987
Peat, 1,000 t 142 85 227
Fuel oil, 1,000 t 1 16 18 1 36
Nuclear fuel, t 20 20
Other fuels, 1,000 t 2 3 5

Other materials use

In addition to fuels, other materials used on a large-scale in energy production include chemicals for flue-gas cleaning, e.g., limestone, ammonia and urea.


Use of chemicals in 2011-2013
tonnes 2013 2012 2011
Chemicals used for air pollution control 68,000 58,000 69,000
Chemicals for water treatment 13,000 13,000 14,000
Other chemicals and additives 4,500 8,600 3,200
Lubricants 540 200 470

EN2 Recycled materials used

Fortum used 987,000 tonnes (2012: 806,000) of waste-derived fuels in Sweden, Finland and Lithuania. About 16,400 tonnes (2012: 37,300) of the waste-derived fuels used in Sweden originated from other countries, including Norway, Great Britain and Ireland (combustible municipal waste, EWC 191210). Fortum and the waste supplier companies hold the licences for waste import. Fortum is responsible for reporting its annual imports of waste to the authorities.

Recycled input materials accounted for 15% (2012: 14%) of Fortum's fuel use volume (excluding natural gas) and 2.2% (2012: 1.8%) of the total energy content of fuels.

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